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Why we are
Electricity travels by the path of
least resistance to ground. Hence, elements, which are good
conductors of electricity, are more at risk when in contact
with a source of electricity. For instance Metals, water and
human bodies are good conductors of electricity.
The sheer water content of human bodies (approximately 70%)
makes human beings particularly susceptible to passage of
electricity. When electricity passes through our body, it puts
enormous stress on the nervous and cardiovascular systems.
Burns caused by electric 'shocks' may result in serious
injury or death. Hence, electrical safety is something that
should never be taken lightly. Therefore, to ensure your
safety, this section brings you some safety tips, both when
you are out-of-doors, as well as when you are inside your
- Never touch a fallen power line or anything or anyone in
contact with one. Always assume that the power line is
energized and maintain safe distance. A low-hanging wire can
suddenly move unexpectedly if there is a strong wind is
blowing. Call our Help Line at 011-30813202 to report the
incident. In any electrical emergency, stay calm and call
- Watch for power lines when using a ladder, pruning
trees, carrying long tools or pipes, working on the roof or
installing an antenna.
- Play it safe when you're having fun. Keep kites or model
airplanes away from power lines.
- Don't use electric tools near water or in the rain.
- Never enter a substation or fenced enclosure that
surrounds electrical equipment.
- Licensed Electrical Contractors should do installation
of wiring and electrical fittings/equipment.
- Fans, Switchboards and other electrical equipment should
be properly earthed. · Loose or unsupported wiring
installation should be avoided. Wiring for electric motors
should be done with all three-phase wire bunched in a
metallic conduit, this helps in effective earthling. The
minimum permissible size of earth wire should be no.14 SWG.
- Metallic supports should not be used for wiring
- When in doubt you should always have your installation
checked by Licensed Electrical Contractor. Even otherwise, a
complete check-up is recommended periodically.
- Fuses of proper rating should be installed. This is
extremely important for safety of the installation and the
- A triple-pole-linked switch protected with no-volt
release and triple pole fuses (for overload purpose) shall
control the motor circuit.
- The connected load of your installation should be in
conformity with the details furnished in the application
form and B&L form.
- Plug points should be of the 3 pin type and
installations should be connected to the plug point should
be with 3 core cables and 3 pin plug tops.
- AC motor should not be connected unless the motor and
the installation have suitable devices to limit the starting
- You should Install MCB's in your household circuits
under the guidance of a Licensed Contractors to protect your
appliances as well as your family members from electrical
overloading or short-circuit.
- Don't overload electrical outlets. If you must use an
extension cord temporarily, match the amperage and wattage
limits of the cord and appliance, and do not use damaged
- Stay dry. Keep electric appliances, such as hair dryers,
away from water. Never operate an appliance when wet.
- Keep household appliances in good working order. If
something seems wrong with an appliance or tool, or if it
gives even the slightest shock, disconnect it. Have it
repaired or discard it.
- Never carry appliances by the cords, and remove cords
from outlets by pulling on the plug head. Don't run cords
under rugs or furniture; they could become damaged or
- Any plug-in appliance should always be unplugged when it
is not being used. Many people are injured and home fires
started by leaving appliances plugged-in when not in use.
- Recognize workplace hazards. Keep your tools, work area
and storage space clean and dry. Check cords for wear and
keep tools switched "off" before plugging or unplugging.
- Be prepared for power outages during storms. Keep
flashlights and batteries where they can be found easily.
Unplug your appliances during storms to prevent lightning
damage, and don't forget lightning can come into your home
through cable television and telephone lines as well. When
power resumes, turn on only necessary items and do so one
appliance at a time to avoid overloading the electric
Precautions for Kids
- Keep electrical equipment out of reach of children
- Educate your children about electrical safety. Teach
them never to put fingers or objects into outlets or
appliances, and use outlet covers wherever necessary.
- Don't let your children climb trees near power lines.
Let them play with kites and balloons only in open areas
away from power lines. Even when your kids are flying kites
far away from power lines, static electricity can build up
enough on the kite and string to be dangerous. If kite
string gets caught in power lines, ask them to leave it
alone and not try to remove the string from the lines.
- Help them recognize "Danger-High Voltage" signs
and identify electric utility equipment. Teach them to call
for help in the event of an electrical emergency.
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